MT8602 Industrial Automation Notes

MT8602 Industrial Automation Notes
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UNIT I PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER

Introduction
Principles of operation
PLC Architecture and specifications
PLC hardware components Analog & digital I/O modules,
CPU & memory module
Programming devices
PLC ladder diagram,
Converting simple relay ladder diagram into ladder diagram.
PLC programming Simple instructions
Manually operated switches
Mechanically operated switches
Latching relays.

UNIT II APPLICATIONS OF PLC

Timer instructions
On delay, Off delay,
Cyclic and Retentive timers,
Up /Down Counters,
control instructions
Data manipulating instructions,
math instructions;
Applications of PLC
Motor start and stop,
Simple materials handling applications,
Automatic water level controller,
Automatic lubrication of supplier Conveyor belt,
Automatic car washing machine,
Bottle label detection and process control application.

UNIT III SCADA SYSTEM & ARCHITECTURE

Data acquisition systems,
Evolution of SCADA,
Communication technologies,
Monitoring and supervisory functions,
SCADA applications in Utility Automation,
Industries
SCADA System Components: Schemes
Remote Terminal Unit (RTU),
Intelligent Electronic Devices (IED),
Communication Network,
SCADA Server,
SCADA/HMI Systems Various SCADA architectures,
advantages and disadvantages of each system

UNIT IV DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM

Introduction to DCS
Various Architectures
Comparison
Local control unit
Process interfacing issues
Communication facilities Operator interfaces
Low level and high level operator interfaces
Displays
Engineering interfaces
Low level and high level engineering interfaces
Factors to be considered in selecting DCS
Case studies
Sugar industry and Power plant

UNIT V INDUSTRIAL PROCESS CONTROL

Study of Advanced Process control blocks: Statistical Process Control,
Model Predictive Control,
Fuzzy Logic Based Control,
Neural-Network Based Control,
PID Control

OUTCOMES

On the successful completion of the course, students will be able to

CO1: Choose appropriate PLC and explain the architecture, installation procedures and troubleshooting.
CO2: Develop PLC programs using various functions of PLCs for a given application.
CO3: Explain the application development procedures in SCADA and manage data, alarm and
storage.
CO4: Distinguish DCS, SCADA and PLC and explain the architecture of DCS
CO5: Describe the controller elements and program methods.

TEXT BOOKS

  1. Gary Dunning, “Introduction to Programmable Logic Controllers”,3rd India edition, Cengage Learning, 2007
  2. John Webb, “Programmable Logic Controllers: Principles and Applications”,5th edition Prentice Hall of India, 2012.
  3. Krishna Kant “Computer Based Process Control”, Prentice Hall of India, 2004.
  4. Michael P. Lukas, Distributed Control Systems: Their Evaluation and Design, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1986

REFERENCES

  1. B. G. Liptak “Instrument Engineer’s Handbook – Process Software and Digital Network”, 3rd edition, CRC Press,2002.
  2. Jose A. Romagnoli, Ahmet Palazoglu, “Introduction to Process control”, CRC Taylor and
    Francisgroup, 2005.
  3. Richard Cox, “Programmable Controllers”, Delmer Thomson learning, 2001.
  4. Richard Zurawski, “Industrial Communication Technology Handbook” 2nd edition, CRC Press, 2015.
  5. William T. Shaw, Cybersecurity for SCADA systems, Penn Well Books, 2006