MT8591 Sensors and Instrumentation Notes

MT8591 Sensors and Instrumentation Notes
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UNIT I INTRODUCTION

Basics of Measurement
Classification of errors
Error analysis
Static and dynamic characteristics of transducers
Performance measures of sensors
Classification of sensors
Sensor calibration techniques
Sensor Output Signal Types.

UNIT II MOTION, PROXIMITY AND RANGING SENSORS

Motion Sensors
Potentiometers, Resolver, Encoders
Optical, Magnetic, Inductive, Capacitive, LVDT
RVDT
Synchro
Microsyn, Accelerometer
GPS, Bluetooth, Range Sensors
RF beacons,
Ultrasonic Ranging,
Reflective beacons,
Laser Range Sensor (LIDAR).

UNIT III FORCE, MAGNETIC AND HEADING SENSORS

Strain Gage,
Load Cell,
Magnetic Sensors
types, principle, requirement and advantages: Magneto resistive
Hall Effect
Current sensor Heading Sensors
Compass, Gyroscope, Inclinometers.

UNIT IV OPTICAL, PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE SENSORS

Photo conductive cell,
photo voltaic,
Photo resistive,
LDR
Fiber optic sensors
Pressure
Diaphragm, Bellows, Piezoelectric
Tactile sensors, Temperature
IC, Thermistor, RTD, Thermocouple.
Acoustic Sensors
flow and level measurement,
Radiation Sensors
Smart Sensors
Film sensor, MEMS & Nano Sensors,
LASER sensors.

UNIT V SIGNAL CONDITIONING AND DAQ SYSTEMS

Amplification
Filtering
Sample and Hold circuits
Data Acquisition: Single channel and multi channel data acquisition
Data logging
applications
Automobile, Aerospace, Home appliances,
Manufacturing, Environmental monitoring.

OUTCOMES

Upon Completion of the course the students will be able to

CO1: Familiar with various calibration techniques and signal types for sensors.
CO2: Apply the various sensors in the Automotive and Mechatronics applications
CO3: Describe the working principle and characteristics of force, magnetic and heading sensors.
CO4: Understand the basic principles of various pressure and temperature, smart sensors.
CO5: Ability to implement the DAQ systems with different sensors for real time applications.

TEXT BOOKS

  1. Ernest O Doebelin, “Measurement Systems – Applications and Design”, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2009
  2. Sawney A K and Puneet Sawney, “A Course in Mechanical Measurements and Instrumentation and Control”, 12th edition, Dhanpat Rai & Co, New Delhi, 2013.

REFERENCES

  1. C. Sujatha … Dyer, S.A., Survey of Instrumentation and Measurement, John Wiley & Sons, Canada, 2001
  2. Hans Kurt Tönshoff (Editor), Ichiro, “Sensors in Manufacturing” Volume 1, Wiley-VCH April 2001.
  3. John Turner and Martyn Hill, “Instrumentation for Engineers and Scientists”, Oxford Science Publications, 1999.
  4. Patranabis D, “Sensors and Transducers”, 2nd Edition, PHI, New Delhi, 2011.
  5. Richard Zurawski, “Industrial Communication Technology Handbook” 2nd edition, CRC Press, 2015
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